Wednesday, October 25, 2023

If your place is suitable for industry, you should engage in industry. If your area is suitable for agriculture, then you should engage in agriculture. ——Investigation on the Construction of Demonstration Townships in Zhaoqing, Guangdong Province

If your place is suitable for industry, you should engage in industry.

If your area is suitable for agriculture, then you should engage in agriculture.

——Investigation on the Construction of Demonstration Townships in Zhaoqing, Guangdong Province


Zhaoqing, Guangdong, located in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, has a strong industrial base and distinctive characteristics. However, with the rapid economic growth, the problem of unbalanced and uncoordinated development between urban and rural areas has gradually become apparent, and the need for industrial transformation and upgrading in townships has become increasingly urgent. For Zhaoqing, which has long been a "half-mountain and half-pearl", how to make up for the shortcomings in the development of counties, towns and villages is a question that must be answered to promote rural revitalization and achieve high-quality development. Recently, reporters visited many towns to see how Zhaoqing solves the problem of coordinated development between urban and rural areas.


"Guangdong is also rich, and Guangdong is poor." As one of the cities in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Zhaoqing City in Guangdong Province has superior resource endowments, but it is also a microcosm of the unbalanced development between urban and rural areas in Guangdong. "Half Pearl, Half Mountain" and "Half City, Half Countryside" are Zhaoqing's largest market conditions. The east is strong and the west is weak, and the south is rich and the north is poor. With less than 30% of the city's land, the southeastern plate supports 70% of the city's total economic output. How to solve the outstanding contradictions of unbalanced and uncoordinated development? How to achieve coordinated development between urban and rural areas and better promote common prosperity?


Guangdong proposes to implement the "High-quality Development Project of Hundreds of Counties, Thousands of Towns and Tens of Thousands of Villages" (hereinafter referred to as the "Hundreds and Thousands of Projects") to promote the coordinated development of urban and rural areas towards a higher level and higher quality. This is an important development opportunity for Zhaoqing, which is eager to achieve a counterattack. Zhaoqing took the lead in promulgating a series of policies to implement the "Hundreds and Thousands of Projects", and took the lead in exploring the construction of four demonstration towns of "two industries and two farmers", striving to transform the shortcomings in the development of counties, towns and villages into "potential boards" for high-quality development, and actively responded to The issue of coordinated regional development.


Exploring possible paths


"Zhaoqing's outstanding shortcomings in promoting modernization are in the counties, weak links are in the towns, and the most difficult and arduous tasks are in the rural areas." Zhang Aijun, secretary of the Zhaoqing Municipal Party Committee, said bluntly. How to make up for the shortcomings and explore a feasible path for the development of Zhaoqing's townships?


Thinking deeply will lead to further success, making decisions before taking action. Zhaoqing follows the idea of ​​"working if it's suitable for work, and farming if it's suitable for agriculture". Among the 108 towns (subdistricts) in the city, it selected Jinli Town in Gaoyao District, Dasha Town in Sihui City, Xiashuai Zhuang and Yao Township in Huaiji County, and The four towns in Shapu Town, Dinghu District, are leading the demonstration of "two industries and two farmers" and implementing the "millions of projects" from point to point.


Why were these four towns chosen? Zhang Hao, executive deputy director of the Office of Zhaoqing's "Hundreds and Thousands of Projects" Headquarters, told reporters that Jinli Town and Dasha Town are Zhaoqing's two major industrial towns, but urbanization and industrialization have created a situation where "one leg is long and the other is short"; next Shuai Township and Shapu Town have good conditions in terms of national characteristic industries and modern agricultural industries, but lack rural revitalization highlights and town economic growth points. Selecting such pilots for exploration takes into account both typicality and diversity.


Through “setting benchmarks and setting demonstrations”, Zhaoqing is accelerating the construction of brand-new counties, towns and villages. Work meetings went to the construction site, seminars went to the fields, and planning meetings went into the workshops… From early spring to late autumn, Zhaoqing City's "Hundreds and Thousands of Projects" headquarters went deep into key project sites in counties, districts, and towns to guide local exploration. Demonstrate the way to solve the problem.


"Implementation Plan for the "High-Quality Development Pilot Program for the Integration of New Industrialization and New Urbanization" in Jinli Town, Gaoyao District, Zhaoqing City" and "Implementation Plan for the "High-Quality Development Pilot Program for the Integration of New Industrialization and New Urbanization" in Dasha Town, Sihui City, Zhaoqing City" and other 4 copies Documents have been released one after another, and "construction drawings" have been drawn for demonstration towns to follow a coordinated development path between urban and rural areas with Zhaoqing characteristics.


Reshape rural values ​​based on reality and promote high-quality development. Sihui makes full use of the advantages of "China's Jade Hometown" to build a jade culture town; Deqing Gonggan adopts an innovative adoption model to prosper a city through a fruit belt; Guangning focuses on intensive processing to increase the added value of green bamboo products… Zhaoqing strengthens The node role of villages and towns connecting cities and villages is to promote the construction of a number of beautiful leisure villages and key rural tourism villages in each township.


Promote transformation and upgrading


From the bustling construction sites to the roaring workshops and factories, from the front line of investment promotion to the project sites, the hardware industry in Jinli Town, Gaoyao District, the "Hometown of Small Hardware in China", is accelerating its transformation to "intelligent manufacturing".


Starting from a family workshop, after more than 40 years of development, Jinli's small hardware industry has covered the entire industry chain of mold making, die-casting, polishing, electroplating, and spraying. Luo Wenfei, the mayor of Jinli Town, said frankly, "As a strong industrial town in Zhaoqing City, Jinli also has growing pains. Although there are many hardware companies here, their innovation capabilities are insufficient, and the industry is large but not strong. At the same time, Jinli's urbanization construction is also relatively backward. The overall situation shows a pattern of large industries and weak cities."


"In order to solve the development bottleneck of 'more stars but less moon' in the Jinli hardware industry, we have planned a hardware smart manufacturing town with a total construction area of ​​4,500 acres, and built an industrial park integrating R&D, production, and economy and trade to allow companies to develop together." Luo Wenfei said.


"We encourage enterprises to transform and upgrade and move to new factories." Mai Guangzhi, deputy general manager of Gaoyao District Lixing Industrial Park Development Co., Ltd., said that the current infrastructure in the park is complete and can meet the daily electricity and other production needs of enterprises.


“Goldenli takes advantage of the ‘Hundreds and Thousands Project’ to further promote the integration of industry and city, build talent apartments, modern office buildings, supporting large hotels and entertainment facilities, expand the area of ​​park green space, and strive to create an industrial city that is suitable for living, business and industry. An integrated demonstration town." Liang Wenjie, Deputy Secretary of the Gaoyao District Committee of Zhaoqing and Secretary of the Party Committee of Jinli Town, is full of confidence.


In Dasha Town, Sihui City, across the river from Jinli Town, the pace of industry-empowering town development is accelerating.


Dasha is a traditional industrial town in Zhaoqing. In the early days, village-level industrial parks developed strongly. However, as the economy continues to develop, the "small and scattered" situation becomes more prominent, making it difficult to support the backbone of the manufacturing industry and seriously restricting the healthy development of the town's economy. . In recent years, to seize the development opportunities in Zhaoqing's large-scale industrial clusters, Dasha has focused on large industries, built large platforms, built large projects, and created a large environment.


Currently, Guangdong Huachang New Aluminum Co., Ltd.'s 200,000-ton annual aluminum profile construction project covering an area of ​​348 acres is stepping up construction. Mai Weijie, assistant general manager of the company, said that after the project is completed and reaches capacity, it is expected to produce 200,000 tons of aluminum profiles annually. , the output value will exceed 5 billion yuan.


As the frontier of Zhaoqing Dongrong Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Dasha Town focuses on the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, guiding 10 companies to carry out technological transformation, forcing the upgrading of inefficient industries and the elimination of backward production capacity, and promoting the park to "empty cages and replace birds".


"Dasha Town promotes planning and construction according to modern urban standards, strives to improve the functional quality and comprehensive carrying capacity of the town, and strives to achieve an urbanization rate of more than 75% of the permanent population in 2025." He Zhengli, member of the Standing Committee of the Sihui Municipal Committee and secretary of the Dasha Town Party Committee, said.


Investment promotion activities are going on non-stop, and industrial projects have been launched one after another… Riding on the east wind of "millions of projects", the two industrial towns of Dasha and Jinli have firmly grasped the "nose" of industrial investment promotion, and used industry to support the economic chassis. Accelerate the promotion of the demonstration construction of "two industries and two farmers" and the integrated development of new industrialization and new urbanization.


Develop characteristic industries


The Dancong Tea Science Popularization Base in Chefu Village, the Liuqiao Characteristic Village in Zhuliu Village, Niuxian Valley and Zhuangyaohong Manor in Huanghan Village… Xiashuai Township in Huaiji County fully taps into the beautiful ecological environment and cultural resources of ethnic minorities. Promote natural resources, industrial resources, and cultural resources to form a chain.


"We must rely on our existing advantages, play the card of ethnic characteristics, and strive to build Xiashuai Zhuang and Yao Township into a model for high-quality development in ethnic areas in Guangdong Province," Zhang Aijun said.


"We have united five village party branches, including Huang Han, Shanshe, and Zhuliu, to jointly establish Huaiji County Xingshuai Agricultural Development Company, which operates agricultural and sideline product sales and other businesses, and continues to expand the village collective industry." Secretary of the Xiashuai Township Party Committee Liu Jianfei introduced that the collective economic income of all villages in Xiashuai Township now exceeds 100,000 yuan, and the per capita disposable income of residents has increased by 66.6% in the past five years, which is higher than the city's average level.


Walking into Shapu Town, Dinghu District, adjacent to Xijiang River, you can have a panoramic view of thousands of hectares of fertile fields and banana forests. "Shapu Town is a characteristic agricultural town with zero industrial pollution." Liang Dawei, deputy secretary of the Party Committee of Shapu Town, introduced that the town aims to create a Chinese agricultural park and demarcates a pioneer area containing elements such as modern agriculture and ecological farms. Over 10,000 acres. By creating a special agricultural planting and breeding base for bananas, Zhaoshi, and vegetables, Shapu Town highlights the development of new types of special agriculture, creative agriculture, etc., promotes the construction of the "Heron Paradise Beautiful Shapu" rural revitalization demonstration zone, and adopts leisure tourism agriculture and rural areas. The road to tourism development.


In Huangbusha Village, you can see lush banana forests everywhere you look. "The villagers are very enthusiastic about planting, and many young people return to the village to start their own businesses every year." Liang Jinbo, secretary of the Party branch of Huangbusha Village, said, "Last year, our village's collective income reached 2.1 million yuan, and the villagers' annual income from growing bananas at home was at least 10 million yuan." Ten thousand yuan.”


Shayi Village is not far from Huangbusha Village, where specialty industries are flourishing. Starting in 2019, Lu Weiqing, the head of Zhaoqing Shiteng Agriculture Co., Ltd., tried to operate a soft-shell turtle farm using the "company + farmer" model, and led the villagers to increase their income and become rich through the soft-shell turtle industry. Under his leadership, the village increased by more than 60 A soft-shell turtle farmer.


"We will continue to work hard on the special soft-shelled turtle industry, realize the transformation from good to excellent, and drive more folks to engage in soft-shell turtle breeding." Lu Weiqing said that this year the soft-shell turtle breeding area has reached more than 1,000 acres, and the output is expected to exceed 2.5 million kilograms.


In Liantang Town, Gaoyao, the local area is promoting the integrated development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries with Macrobrachium rosenbergii as the leading industry; at the orchid planting base of Sihui Huilin Flower Company in Shigou Town, Sihui, there are orchids in the green sea of ​​flower seedlings. Looking great…


At present, Zhaoqing is making every effort to stabilize the primary industry, connect with the secondary industry, and drive the tertiary industry, so as to form the primary industry to be extended backward, the secondary industry to be connected at both ends, and the tertiary industry to be at the fine end, to achieve the deep integrated development of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries, and strive to integrate "hundreds of millions of industries" The blueprint of the "Project" has turned into a real scene of rural revitalization with beautiful countryside, strong agriculture, and rich farmers.


If it is suitable for work, it will be industrial; if it is suitable for agriculture, it will be agricultural.


宜工则工 宜农则农

——广东肇庆“百千万工程”示范乡镇建设调查


地处粤港澳大湾区的广东肇庆,产业家底厚实、特色鲜明,但随着经济的高速增长,城乡区域发展不平衡不协调问题逐渐凸显,乡镇产业转型升级的需求愈加迫切。对于长期处于“半山半珠”的肇庆来说,如何补齐县镇村发展短板,是推进乡村振兴、实现高质量发展必须回答的问题。近日,记者走访多个乡镇,看肇庆如何破解城乡区域协调发展难题。


  “富也广东,穷也广东”。广东省肇庆市作为粤港澳大湾区城市之一,资源禀赋优越,但也是广东城乡区域发展不平衡的一个缩影。“半珠半山”“半城半乡”是肇庆最大的市情,东强西弱、南富北穷的区域特征显著。东南板块以不到全市三成的土地,撑起了全市七成的经济总量。怎样解决发展不平衡不协调的突出矛盾?如何实现城乡区域协调发展,更好推动共同富裕?


  广东提出实施“百县千镇万村高质量发展工程”(以下简称“百千万工程”),推动城乡区域协调发展向着更高水平和更高质量迈进。这对于渴望实现逆袭的肇庆来说,是一次重要的发展机遇。肇庆率先出台落实“百千万工程”的系列政策,先行探索“两工两农”4个示范乡镇建设,努力把县镇村发展的短板转化为高质量发展的“潜力板”,积极应答区域协调发展之问。


  探索可行路径


  “肇庆推进现代化建设的突出短板在县、薄弱环节在镇、最艰巨最繁重的任务在农村。”肇庆市委书记张爱军直言。如何补齐短板,有针对性地为肇庆乡镇发展探索一条可行之路?


  思深方益远,谋定而后动。肇庆按照“宜工则工、宜农则农”的思路,在全市108个乡镇(街道)中,选定高要区金利镇、四会市大沙镇、怀集县下帅壮族瑶族乡以及鼎湖区沙浦镇4个乡镇,以“两工两农”示范引领、以点带面落实“百千万工程”。


  为何选定这4个乡镇?肇庆市“百千万工程”指挥部办公室常务副主任张浩告诉记者,金利镇、大沙镇是肇庆两大工业强镇,但城镇化和工业化形成“一条腿长一条腿短”局面;下帅乡、沙浦镇在民族特色产业和现代农业产业方面具备良好条件,但缺乏乡村振兴亮点与镇域经济增长点,选定这样的试点进行探索兼顾了典型性和多样性。


  通过“树标杆、立示范”,肇庆正在加快建设焕然一新的县镇村。工作会开到工地上,研讨会来到田间地头,问计会走进车间里……从初春到深秋,肇庆市“百千万工程”指挥部深入各县区镇重点项目现场,指导各地探索示范破题之路。


  《肇庆市高要区金利镇“新型工业化新型城镇化融合高质量发展试点”实施方案》《肇庆市四会市大沙镇“新型工业化新型城镇化融合高质量发展试点”实施方案》等4份文件陆续出台,为示范乡镇走具有肇庆特色的城乡区域协调发展道路画好了“施工图”。


  从实际出发重塑乡村价值,推动高质量发展。四会活用“中国玉器之乡”的优势,建设玉器文化小镇;德庆贡柑创新认养模式,借一个果带旺一座城;广宁发力精深加工,提高青竹产品附加值……肇庆强化乡镇联城带村的节点作用,宜工则工、宜农则农、宜游则游,推动各乡镇建设一批美丽休闲乡村、乡村旅游重点村。


  推动转型升级


  从热火朝天的建设工地到机器轰鸣的车间厂房,从招商一线到项目现场,“中国小五金之乡”高要区金利镇的五金产业正加快向“智造”转型。


  从家庭作坊起家,经过40多年的发展,金利的小五金产业已涵盖开模、压铸、抛光、电镀、喷涂等全产业链。金利镇镇长骆文飞坦言,“作为肇庆市的工业强镇,金利也有成长的烦恼。这里五金企业虽多,但创新能力不足,产业大而不强。同时,金利的城镇化建设也相对落后,整体呈现出产业大、城市弱的格局”。


  “为解决金利五金产业‘星星多、月亮少’的发展瓶颈,我们规划了总建设面积4500亩的五金智造小镇,构建研发、生产、经贸为一体的产业园区,让企业抱团发展。”骆文飞说。


  “我们鼓励企业进行改造升级,搬迁到新厂房。”高要区利星工业园开发有限公司副总经理麦广智介绍,目前园内基础设施配套齐全,能保障企业日常用电等生产需求。


  “金利借‘百千万工程’的机遇,从深入推进产城融合着手,建设人才公寓、现代化写字楼,配套大型酒店、娱乐设施,扩大公园绿地面积,着力打造宜居宜商宜业的产城融合示范小镇。”肇庆高要区委副书记、金利镇党委书记梁文杰信心十足。


  与金利镇隔江相望的四会市大沙镇,产业赋能镇域发展的步伐正不断加快。


  大沙是肇庆传统的工业大镇,早期村级工业园发展势头强劲,而随着经济不断发展,“小散乱”情况突出,难以撑起制造业的主心骨,严重制约着镇域经济的健康发展。近年来,抢抓肇庆大型产业集聚区发展机遇,大沙聚焦大产业、打造大平台、建设大项目、营造大环境。


  目前,占地348亩的广东华昌新型铝材有限公司年产20万吨铝型材建设项目正在加紧建设,公司总经理助理麦伟杰介绍,项目建成达产后,预计年产铝型材20万吨,产值将超过50亿元。


  作为肇庆东融粤港澳大湾区的前沿阵地,大沙镇聚焦传统产业转型升级,引导10家企业开展技术改造,倒逼低效产业升级和落后产能淘汰,推动园区“腾笼换鸟”。


  “大沙镇以现代化城市标准推进规划建设,着力提升城镇功能品质和综合承载力,力争2025年常住人口城镇化率超过75%。”四会市委常委、大沙镇党委书记何政力说。


  招商活动马不停蹄,产业项目接连落地……乘着“百千万工程”的东风,大沙、金利这两座工业大镇牢牢扭住产业招商落地这个“牛鼻子”,用工业托起经济底盘,加快推动“两工两农”示范建设和新型工业化、新型城镇化融合发展。


  发展特色产业


  车福村的单丛茶科普基地,竹六村的六桥特色村寨,黄翰村的牛仙谷和壮瑶红庄园……怀集县下帅乡充分挖掘优美生态环境和少数民族文化资源优势,推动自然资源、产业资源、文化资源串珠成链。


  “要依托现有优势,打好民族特色这张牌,努力将下帅壮族瑶族乡打造成为广东省民族地区高质量发展的示范样板。”张爱军说。


  “我们把黄翰、山奢、竹六等5个村党支部联合起来,共同兴办怀集县兴帅农业发展公司,经营农副产品销售等业务,不断壮大村集体产业。”下帅乡党委书记刘剑飞介绍,如今下帅乡所有村的集体经济收入均超10万元,居民人均可支配收入5年来增长66.6%,高于全市平均水平。


  走进毗邻西江的鼎湖区沙浦镇,良田千顷、香蕉成林的景象尽收眼底。“沙浦镇是零工业污染的特色农业大镇。”沙浦镇党委副书记梁达维介绍,该镇以创建中国农业公园为目标,划定包含现代农业、生态农园等元素的先行区,面积超1万亩。通过创建香蕉、肇实、蔬菜等特色农业种养基地,沙浦镇突出发展特色农业、创意农业等新型业态,推进“鹭鸟天堂唯美沙浦”乡村振兴示范带建设,走休闲观光农业和乡村旅游发展之路。


  在黄布沙村,目光所及之处也尽是郁郁葱葱的香蕉林。“村民种植积极性很高,每年都有不少年轻人回村创业。”黄布沙村党支部书记梁锦波说,“去年我们村的集体收入达210万元,村民在家种香蕉一年收入至少有10万元。”


  沙一村距离黄布沙村不远,特色产业正在这里焕发蓬勃生机。从2019年开始,肇庆市世腾农业有限公司负责人陆维清尝试用“公司+养殖户”模式经营甲鱼养殖场,并带动乡亲们通过甲鱼产业增收致富,在他的带领下,村里增加了60多户甲鱼养殖户。


  “我们将持续在甲鱼特色产业上发力,实现由好向精的转变,带动更多乡亲从事甲鱼养殖。”陆维清说,今年甲鱼养殖面积已达1000多亩,预计产量超250万公斤。


  在高要莲塘镇,当地正以罗氏沼虾为主导产业,推动一二三产业融合发展;在四会石狗镇的四会市卉林花卉公司兰花种植基地,花苗的绿海中一株株兰花长势喜人……


  当前,肇庆正全力稳固一产,对接二产,带动三产,形成一产往后延、二产两头连、三产走精端,实现一二三产业深度融合发展,努力将“百千万工程”蓝图变成农村美、农业强、农民富的乡村振兴实景。

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