Dawan Town--hometown of mahogany craft

Dawan Town, Zhaoqing City, China


A town under the jurisdiction of Gaoyao District, Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province

Dawan Town, which belongs to Gaoyao District, Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province, is located in the central and western part of Gaoyao District. It is across the river from Duanzhou District to the east, adjacent to Nan'an Street in the southeast, Baizhu Town and Xinqiao Town in the south, Yunfu City in the west, and Xiaoxiang Town in the north. The town people's government is 3 kilometers away from the urban area of ​​Zhaoqing City. The administrative area of ​​Dawan covers an area of ​​101.63 square kilometers. As of the end of 2019, the registered population of Dawan Town was 41,998.

In the Ming Dynasty, it was Dawan Capital of Guangai Township, Gaoyao County. In 1986, it was changed to Dawan Town. As of October 2021, Dawan Town has 3 communities and 14 administrative villages; The People's Government of Dawan Town is located at No. 1 Doutou Street.


In 2019, Dawan Town had 30 industrial enterprises, including 11 large-scale enterprises and 12 comprehensive stores or supermarkets with a business area of ​​more than 50 square meters.


Chinese name : 大湾镇

Administrative district category: town

Area: Gaoyao District, Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province

Geographic location: Central and western Gaoyao District

Area: 101.63 km²

Subordinate areas: 3 communities, 14 administrative villages

Government seat: No. 1 Doutou Street

Telephone area code: 0758

Postal code: 526119

License plate code: 粤H

Population: 41,998 (registered population as of the end of 2019)


Historical evolution


In the Ming Dynasty, it was Dawandu, Guangai Township, Gaoyao County.


At the end of the Qing Dynasty, it was Dawandu, the third district of the second class.


In March of the 32nd year of the Republic of China (1943), one district and four townships were established; in October of the same year, it was merged with Baoping Township to form Dawan Township.


In 1953, Xiaoxiang Town merged with Huanggang and Mugang in Duanzhou District to form the third district of Gaoyao County (stationed in Dawan).


In September 1955, the third district was changed to Doutou District.


In 1957, it was merged into Dawan Township.

In October 1958, Dongfeng Commune was established.

In July 1959, Dawan Commune was separated.

In 1983, it was renamed Doutou District.

In 1986, it was changed to Dawan Town.


Administrative Divisions


As of the end of 2011, Dawan Town governed 1 Residents' Committee of Dawan, 16 Villagers' Committees of Longchong, Datian, Gaoxiong, Baizhang, Guxi, Xiaotang, Gaodi, Cuntou, Langdi, Tangkong, Hecheng, Dutang, Jingui, Liuan, Xiaoyou and Dajiangdong; and had 9 residents' groups and 65 villagers' groups.

As of October 2021, Dawan Town has jurisdiction over 3 communities and 14 administrative villages: Xuzhen Community, Longchong Community, Datian Community, Baizhang Village, Guxi Village, Xiaotang Village, Cuntou Village, Gaoxiong Village, Gaodi Village, Langdi Village, Tangkong Village, Lu'an Village, Hecheng Village, Xiaoyou Village, Jingui Village, Dutang Village, and Dajiangdong Village;


Geographical environment


Location and territory

Dawan Town is located in the central and western part of Gaoyao District, across the river from Duanzhou District to the east, adjacent to Nan'an Street in the southeast, Baizhu Town and Xinqiao Town in the south, Yunfu City in the west, and Xiaoxiang Town in the north. The town people's government is 3 kilometers away from the urban area of ​​Zhaoqing City. The administrative area of ​​Dawan Town covers an area of ​​101.63 square kilometers.


Details of Dawan Town


Topography of Dawan Town

Dawan Town is located on the banks of the Xijiang River. The terrain slopes from west to east and is mainly depressions. The highest point, Xueding Mountain, is 733.8 meters above sea level.


Climate

Dawan Town has a subtropical monsoon climate, with an average temperature of 21.5℃, an average annual rainfall of 1419 mm, an extreme annual maximum rainfall of 2220 mm, and an extreme annual minimum rainfall of 1420 mm.


Hydrology

The main rivers in Dawan Town are the Xijiang River, which flows from north to south and turns east, with a flow of 7.4 kilometers.


Natural disasters

The main natural disasters in Dawan Town include hail and rainstorms. The most serious rainstorm occurred in May 1989, when it was hit by the No. 3 strong typhoon, with a rainfall of 422.6 mm, 19,150 mu of rice fields and 3,180 mu of cash crops were flooded, 34 houses were damaged and collapsed, 5 mountain ponds and reservoirs were collapsed, and 5 bridges were collapsed, with an economic loss of 7.639 million yuan.


Natural resources

The main mineral deposits in Dawan Town are crystal stone, iron, kaolin, limestone, etc. The geological reserves of kaolin are 50 million tons, the exploitable amount is 1.4 million tons, the mineral output is more than 90,000 tons, the available groundwater resources are 10 million cubic meters, there are more than 400 kinds of wild animals, and more than 920 kinds of wild plants such as agarwood.

In 2011, there were 32,200 mu of cultivated land, 0.82 mu per capita.


Population


As of the end of 2011, the total population of Dawan Town was 39,318, all of whom were Han nationality, including 1,223 urban residents, with an urbanization rate of 3.1%, and 4,845 floating population. Among the total population, there are 20,085 males and 19,233 females; 19.6% are under 18 years old, 29.6% are between 18 and 35 years old, 35.6% are between 35 and 60 years old, and 15.2% are over 60 years old. The population density is 386.87 people per square kilometer.

As of the end of 2017, the permanent population of Dawan Town was 41,719.

As of the end of 2019, the registered population of Dawan Town was 41,998.


Economy


Overview

In 2011, the total fiscal revenue of Dawan Town was 44.66 million yuan. From the perspective of major taxes, the business tax was 2.8712 million yuan, the value-added tax was 19.231 million yuan, and the corporate income tax was 5.7723 million yuan. The per capita fiscal revenue was 1,142.32 yuan.

In 2013, the fiscal revenue of Dawan Town was 56.44 million yuan, an increase of 0.2% over the previous year, of which the national tax revenue was 4.39 million yuan, an increase of 0.2%; the local tax revenue was 32.05 million yuan, an increase of 0.3%, and the GDP was 2.799 billion yuan, an increase of 24.55% over the previous year; the gross industrial output value was 1.897 billion yuan, an increase of 23.6%, of which the total industrial output value above designated size was 1.651 billion yuan, an increase of 21.68%; foreign trade imports and exports were 16.78 million US dollars, completing the task by 103.1%; the actual introduction of private funds was 210 million yuan, an increase of 16.4%, the fiscal revenue of the town was 56.44 million yuan, an increase of 0.2%, of which the national tax revenue was 24.39 million yuan, an increase of 0.2%; the local tax revenue was 32.05 million yuan, an increase of 0.3%, and the per capita net income of farmers was 13,548 yuan, an increase of 16.42%.

In 2013, there were 2 financial institutions and 1 financial settlement center in Dawan Town, and the residents' savings amounted to more than 550 million yuan.

In 2019, Dawan Town had 30 industrial enterprises, including 11 large-scale enterprises and 12 comprehensive stores or supermarkets with a business area of ​​more than 50 square meters.


Agriculture

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town's agriculture was mainly based on the planting of rice, fruits, vegetables and the breeding of fish and shrimp, with a total agricultural output value of 366 million yuan. Rice is the main grain crop. It is one of the top ten grain production towns in Zhaoqing City, producing 16,500 tons of grain, 418.84 kilograms per capita, including 15,200 tons of rice. The commercial forest area is 49,400 mu, the forest coverage rate is 43.65%, and the standing stock volume is 150,000 cubic meters. Animal husbandry is mainly based on raising pigs and poultry, with 51,200 pigs slaughtered and 24,200 pigs on hand at the end of the year; 1.35 million poultry were slaughtered and 770,800 were on hand at the end of the year, producing 5,971 tons of meat, 11,700 tons of aquatic products, and 1,500 mu of Maixi carp (grass carp) breeding area.

In 2013, the annual output value of Dawan Town was 200 million yuan, and the annual tax revenue was more than 3 million yuan.


Industry

In 1958, Dawan Town had woodworking factories, brick factories and other enterprises; in 1978, Longchong Brigade of Dawan Town founded Dongfeng Redwood Craft Factory. In 2011, Dawan Town was mainly engaged in die-casting hardware, redwood furniture, and resource development industries, with 33 industrial enterprises and a total industrial output value of 1.39 billion yuan, including 9 large-scale industrial enterprises, 1,656 employees, and a total output value of 1.275 billion yuan. There are more than 80 mahogany craft production enterprises with more than 2,000 employees, and it is known as the "hometown of mahogany craft".

hometown of mahogany craft


Dawan Town is an important furniture manufacturing and supply node in China. More and more foreigners and export traders come to Dawan Town to purchase mahogany furniture and Chinese furniture. Because the furniture in Dawan Town is finely crafted, of excellent quality and affordable.


Commerce

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had 537 commercial outlets and 1,750 employees; 2 urban and rural markets with an area of ​​7,000 square meters, and exports of 11.48 million US dollars. The main products are hardware products, copper castings, etc.


Financial industry

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had 2 financial institutions, with a year-end balance of 270 million yuan in residents' savings and a balance of 100 million yuan in various loans. Insurance premium income was 1.5 million yuan.

Postal and telecommunications industry

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had a postal business income of 100,000 yuan and a full-year telecommunications business income of 3 million yuan.


Social undertakings


Education

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had 3 kindergartens with 720 children and 54 teachers, 16 teachers in kindergarten classes attached to teaching points, 1 complete primary school, 5 primary school teaching points, 1,928 students and 109 teachers, 1 junior high school with 1,486 students and 119 teaching staff, 4 senior teachers, 205 intermediate teachers, 100% coverage of nine-year compulsory education, and 17.3 million yuan of education funds in the fiscal budget.


Science and Technology

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had 1 agricultural technology station and 87 scientific and technological talents of various types, including 43 rural practical technical talents.


Cultural and sports undertakings

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had 1 cultural station, 9 town and village cultural squares, 2 professional cultural households; 17 libraries of various types, 60,000 books; 2 literary and artistic creators, 3 literary and artistic societies, 4 sports fields, 60 village basketball courts, 20 table tennis tables, and 9 sports instructors.


Medical and health care

In 1970, Dawan Town implemented rural cooperative medical care. In 1973, there were 10,400 participants and 27 barefoot doctors. At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had 1 health center, 1 health center, 1 outpatient department, 26 health stations, 24 beds, a total fixed asset value of 8.96 million yuan, 40 professional health personnel, including 7 practicing doctors, 16 practicing assistant doctors, and 13 registered nurses. Medical institutions (above outpatient departments) completed 86,000 diagnosis and treatments, 4,301 emergency visits, and 331 hospitalizations. Medical income was 4.61 million yuan. There are 16 rural doctors and 4 individual doctors. The participation rate of the new rural cooperative medical care and the urban residents' basic medical insurance is 100%. The penetration rate of rural safe drinking water is 100%, and the penetration rate of rural sanitary toilets is 80%.



Social Security

In 2011, there were 3 households with 5 people in Dawan Town who received the minimum living security in urban areas, with a monthly per capita subsidy of 162 yuan; there were 344 households with 900 people in rural areas, with a monthly per capita subsidy of 121.43 yuan, and 50 disabled people were included in the minimum living security. The state provided pensions and subsidies to 94 people of various types, and the pension expenditure was 670,000 yuan. There are 13 people supported by the five guarantees, 1 nursing home, 40 beds, and 13 five-guarantee elderly people adopted; 395,000 yuan of social donations were received throughout the year; 16,300 people participated in the new rural pension insurance, with a participation rate of 100%, and 82 people participated in the urban residents' social pension insurance, with a participation rate of 41%; 42 labor cases were solved, involving 180 workers.


Postal and Telecommunications

In 1934, Dawan Town established Doutou Postal Agency. In 2011, Dawan Town had one postal branch, a total length of 92 kilometers of postal routes, a rural postal coverage rate of 100%, one telecommunications company, four outlets, a total capacity of 8,000 telephone exchanges, 4,000 fixed-line telephone users, a telephone penetration rate of 43.1%, 2,000 broadband access users, and 13,000 mobile phone users.



Infrastructure

Energy

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had one 35,000 kV substation, two main transformers, and a total capacity of 12,600 kVA.


Water supply and drainage

In 1983, Dawan Town built a water plant. At the end of 2011, Dawan Town laid 40.7 kilometers of water supply pipelines, with a daily water supply capacity of 1,000 tons and a 100% tap water penetration rate for residents; the sewage pipeline was 7.2 kilometers long.


Gardening and greening

At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had a park with an area of ​​3,600 square meters; a green area of ​​25,000 square meters, 20.4 square meters of green space per capita, and more than 500 green trees planted on both sides of the main street.


Transportation


At the end of 2011, Dawan Town had a ferry from Doutouyu to Zhaoqing City during the Republic of China period, more than 20 wooden boats, and the Nan'an to Dawan Highway was open to traffic. It is 5 kilometers long in the territory and connected to National Highway 324. The waterway is 9.8 kilometers long, with a navigation capacity of 2,000 tons and a passenger volume of 72,000 people. There are 11 streets in the town with a total length of 9 kilometers. More than 200 street lights are installed on the streets and lanes; 3 bridges, and a 310 bus line to Zhaoqing was opened, with 40 passenger buses per day and an average daily passenger flow of 600 people.


History and Culture


Origin of the Place Name

Dawan Town is named because of its low-lying terrain, with water on one side, mountains on three sides, and an open low-lying area in the middle, where the Xijiang River forms a "big bend".


Cultural Relics and Historic Sites

Dawan Town has the tomb of Lu Xungong, the ancestor of the Lu family, and the Dading Temple, a thousand-year-old temple.


Scenic Spots


Dawan Town has the Turtle and Snake Locking the River and Xikeng Shengzhi Village Scenic Spots.

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